Parsnips have a long history. The Romans grew and cooked them to make broths and stews.When they conquered Gaul and Britain, the Romans discovered that root vegetables grown in northerly areas had a better flavour than those grown in the south. Throughout the Dark Ages and Middle Ages, parsnips were the main starchy vegetables for ordinary people. They were not only easy to grow but were a welcome food to eat during the winter months. They were also valued for their sugar content.

Parsnips are members of the same family as carrots, similarly sweet but with a distinct earthy flavour that blends well with other root vegetables and is also enhanced with spices and garlic.Parsnips are a good source of fibre, thiamin, Vitamin C and folic acid.

Nutritional Value

Nutrient Raw Cooked
Energy kJ 271 278
Kcal 64 66
Protein g 1.8 1.6
Carbohydrate g 12.5 12.9
Fat g 1.1 1.2

A good source of…

Nutrient Raw Cooked
Fibre One TickOne Tick One TickOne Tick
Vitamin C One TickOne Tick One Tick
Thiamin One Tick
Thiamin One TickOne Tick One Tick

For more information on nutrition and the details given above, check out our nutrition page.

Preparing and Using

Tradition has it that parsnips are best after the first frost, but many people like the very young tender parsnips available in the early summer.When buying parsnips choose small or medium-sized specimens, as the large ones tend to be rather fibrous. They should feel firm and be a pale ivory colour without any sprouting roots. Store parsnips in a cool place.Very small parsnips need little or no preparation: just trim the ends and cook according to the recipe. Medium-sized and large parsnips need to be peeled. Larger parsnips also need to have their woody core removed. If it is cut out before cooking, the parsnips will cook more quickly and evenly.

Parsnips can be boiled, roasted, baked or deep-fried. When cooked they can be puréed and served on their own as a vegetable, or mixed with another root vegetable purée such as carrot. When roasting parsnips drizzle some honey over them or sprinkle sesame,sunflower, poppy or mustard seeds on top.

Parsnips are also used in sweet dishes such as parsnip jam or in desserts. They can also be used to make parsnip wine and in relishes and chutneys. Their characteristic flavour goes well with stews and broths and they can be used to make soups such as curried parsnip or parsnip and apple soup. They will eventually disintegrate when added to stews and casseroles, but their flavour will blend with the other ingredients to enhance the taste.

It’s best to par-boil parsnips for a few minutes before roasting them. Very young parsnips can be roasted whole, but older ones can be cut into halves or quartered lengthways. Other root vegetables such as carrots and turnips can be roasted at the same time and served with them. Parsnips can also be used to make croquettes. Mash chestnuts and parsnips together with garlic butter and form into croquette shapes before dipping them in beaten egg and rolling them in breadcrumbs.

Parsnips can be used in curries, and will soak up their rich flavours when they soften.Parsnips can also be sliced thinly, deep-fried and served as chips or crisps. They can be layered with potatoes and turnips, carrots or apples and served as an alternative to dauphinoise potatoes.

Flavours and ingredients that go well with parsnips include carrots, turnips, swede,honey, cumin, apple, turmeric and curry powder.


For some Parsnip recipes, visit the Bord Bia website here

Roast Chicken with Thyme

It really couldn’t be simpler – a little bit of preparation and into the oven.
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Roast Rack of Pork with Apples

Great for a family lunch, combine it with the stuffed apples and you are onto a winner!
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